Long-Tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) Population Demographic and Spatial Use Pattern in Telaga Warna, Bogor

Bunga Resa Hartati Bunga Resa Hartati, Nyoto Santoso, Harnios Arief

Abstract

The Telaga Warna Nature Reserve and Nature Park is one of the animal and fauna conservation and protection areas in West Java, with an area of ​​496.49 ha. The long-tailed monkey is one of the protected animals at Telaga Warna. Based on the IUCN Redlist, long-tailed monkeys are currently included in the endangered species (Endangered). The largest decline in the long-tailed monkey population is due to illegal hunting. Given the declining condition of the long-tailed macaque population, this study was conducted to analyze the demographics of the population and analyze the home ranges of long-tailed macaques in Telaga Warna. The research was conducted in March-May 2021, which was carried out at CA and TWA Telaga Warna. The data collected includes population demographics, home ranges, and habitat use. Analysis of population demographic data used concentration calculations based on sex and age structure, home ranges using a minimum convex polygon and habitat use was analyzed descriptively by comparing conditions between observed groups of long-tailed monkeys. The results of the research on the long-tailed monkey population in the Telaga Warna area consisted of two groups with a total of 64 individuals. The long-tailed macaque population will decrease because it has a regressive population with sufficient space and a low total population density of 0.13 ind/ha. The home range area of ​​group A is 13.8 ha and that of group B is 6.26 ha. The home range area of ​​group B is thought to be influenced by the size and age structure of the group. The long-tailed monkey group both use forest land cover, plantations and water bodies, and are found at an altitude of 1400-1600 masl with gentle to very steep slopes (> 8%).

References

Ain-Najwa MY, Yasmin AR, Arshad SS, Omar AR, Abu J, Kumar K, Mohammed HO, Natasha JA, Mohammed MN, Bande F, et al. 2020. Exposure to zoonotic west nile virus in long-tailed macaques and bats in peninsular Malaysia. Animals. 10(12): 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122367
Al Hakim RR, Nasution EK. 2021. Psychological stressor caused alpha-male non-humanprimate Macaca fascicularis to become agonistic when struggling over food. Journal of Psychological Perspective. 3(1): 41–45. https://doi.org/10.47679/jopp.311152021
Alikodra HS. 2002. Pengelolaan Satwaliar Jilid I. Bogor (ID): Yayasan Penerbit Fakultas Kehutanan IPB
Binsasi Y, Masy’ud B, Rushayati SB. 2022. Pola reproduksi Rusa Timor pada kondisi iklim mikro berbeda. Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Bonita. 4(2): 32-44.
Crockett CM, Wilson WL. 1980. The ecological separation of Macaca nemestrina and Macaca fascicularis in Sumatra. In: D.G. Lindburg. (Ed.): The macaques: Studies in ecology
Dhaja CA, Simarmata YT, Njurumana G. 2019. Kondisi Populasi dan Habitat monyet ekor panjang (Macaca fascicularis). Jurnal Veteriner Nusantara. 2(1):46-54
Eudey A, Kumar A, Singh M, Boonratana R. 2020. Macaca fascicularis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T12551A195354635. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T12551A195354635.en. Accessed on 04 January 2023.
Fakhri K. 2012. Studi awal populasi dan distribusi Macaca fascicularis Ulolanang Raffles di Cagar Alam. Jurnal Biologi. 1 (2): 120.
Fooden J. 2006. Comparative review of fascicularis-group species of macaques (primates: macaca). Fieldiana Zool. 107: 1-44.
Gaillot ED, Lepage MFP, Clément C, Burnett R. 2006. A review of background findings in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) from three different geographical origins. J Experimental Ana Toxicologic Pathology. 58:77-88. doi:10.1016/j.etp.2006.07.003
Hansen MF, Ang A, Trinh TTH, Sy E, Paramasivam S, Ahmed T, Dimalibot, J, Jones-Engel L, Ruppert N, Griffioen C. et al. 2022. Macaca fascicularis (versi penilaian 2022 yang diubah). Daftar Merah Spesies Terancam Punah IUCN 2022: e.T12551A221666136. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2022 2.RLTS.T12551A221666136.en . Diakses pada 04 Januari 2023.
Hendratmoko Y. 2009. Studi kohabitasi monyet ekor panjang dengan lutung di Cagar Alam Pangandaran Jawa Barat. [tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Hidayat A. 2012. Studi populasi dan pola penggunaan ruang monyet ekor panjang (Macaca fascicularis) di Hutan Pendidikan Gunung Walat. [tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Jannah FN, Erianto, Dewantara I. 2019. Kepadatan dan struktur populasi monyet ekor panjang (Macaca fascicularis) di Kawasan Hutan Kota Telur Akar bergantung ketapang Kalimantan Barat. Jurnal hutan lestari. 7(2): 761-722.
Lesson C, Kyes RC, Iskandar E. 2004, Estimating population density of Longtailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) on Tinjil Island Indonesia using the line transect sampling method. Jurnal Primatologi Indonesia 4(1): 7-14.
Napier, P. and J. H. Napier. 1967. A Hand Book of Living Primates. Academic Press. New York. 70 Kusumadewi MR, Soma, IG, Wandia IN. 2014. Sebaran geografi populasi monyet ekor panjang (Macaca fascicularis) di Semenanjung Badung. Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan. 2(1) : 39 - 47.
Napier JR, PH Napier. 1985. The Natural History of the Primates. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Nila S, Suryobroto B, Widayati KA. 2014. Dietary variation of long tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) in Telaga Warna, Bogor, West Java. Hayati J Biosci. 21(1): 8–14.
Nugraheni LS. 2016. Food Preference of Long Tailed Macaques in Telaga Warna, Bogor, West Java. [tesis]. Bogor (ID): Departemen Biologi Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Purbaptisila AZ, Iskandar E, Pamungkas J. 2012. Pola aktivitas dan stratifikasi vertical oleh monyet ekor panjang (Macaca fascicularis) di fasilitas penangkaran Semi Alami Pulau Tinjil, Provinsi Banten. Jurnal Zoo Indonesia. 21(1): 39-47.
Sampurna B. 2014. Pendugaan parameter demografi dan model pertumbuhan populasi monyet ekor panjang (Macaca fascicularis) pulau Peucang, TN Ujung Kulon. [tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Santoso B, Sumitra M, Rahayuningsih M. 2020. Studi perilaku monyet ekor panjang (Macaca fascicularis Raffles) dan persepsi pengunjung di Goa Kreo Kota Semarang pada masa pandemi COVID-19. Indonesian Journal of Conservation. 9(2):68-73. DOI 10.15294/ijc.v9i2. 27899.
Sembiring RP, Setiawan A, Darmawan A. 2016. Penyebaran Dan Kelimpahan Populasi Monyet Ekor Panjang (Macaca fascicularis) Di Cagar Alam Sibolangit. Jurnal Sylva Lestari. 4 (3): 47-58.
Sha JCM, Michael D, Gumert, Lee BPYH, Jones-Engel L, Chan S, Fuentes A. 2009. Macaque-Human interaction and the societal perception of macaques in Singapore. Amer J Primatol. 71: 825-839.
Subiarsyah MI, Soma GI, Suatha IK. 2014. Struktur populasi monyet ekor panjang di Kawasan Pura Batu Pageh Ungasan, Badung, Bali. Jurnal Indonesia Medicus Veterinus. 3(3): 183-191
Surya RA. 2010. Penentuan ukuran populasi minimum lestari monyet ekor panjang Macaca fascicularis berdasarkan parameter demografi (Studi kasus di Provinsi Lampung). [tesis]. Bogor (ID): Program Pasca Sarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Tarumingkeng RC. 1994. Dinamika populasi kajian ekologi kuantitatif. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan dan Universitas Kristen Krida Wacana.
Tokachil MN, Yahya A. 2019. The Lefkovitch Matrix of Aedes Aegypti with Rainfall Dependent Model for Eggs Hatching. InJournal of Physics: Conference. 1366. doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1366/1/012019
Vrazila H, Sumarga E, Ramdan H. 2022. Estimation of minimum viable population of long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis Raffles 1821) in support of wildlife management in Ir. H Djuanda Grand Forest Park. Journal of Biological Science, Technologi and Management. 41:8-18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1366/1/012019
Yudanegara A. 2006. Aktivitas makan monyet ekor panjang (Macaca fascicularis) kelompok pancalikan di situs Ciung Wanara, Ciamis, Jawa Barat. [skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Departemen Biologi Institut Pertanian Bogor

Authors

Bunga Resa Hartati Bunga Resa Hartati
bungaresahartati@gmail.com (Primary Contact)
Nyoto Santoso
Harnios Arief
Author Biographies

Nyoto Santoso, Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism, IPB University, IPB Campus of Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia

Lector of Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism, IPB University, IPB Campus of Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia

Harnios Arief, Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism, IPB University, IPB Campus of Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia

Lector of Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism, IPB University, IPB Campus of Dramaga Bogor

Bunga Resa HartatiB. R. H., SantosoN. and AriefH. (2023) “Long-Tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) Population Demographic and Spatial Use Pattern in Telaga Warna, Bogor”, Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management). Bogor, ID, 13(3). Available at: https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jpsl/article/view/45507 (Accessed: 14April2024).

Article Details