The Potential of Bekasi “Eduforest” urban forest in cultural environmental services

Tsamarah Nada Saninah, Rachmad Hermawan, Yudi Setiawan, Tania June


Setu Subdistrict, Bekasi Regency is an area designated as urban forest development for providers of cultural environmental services. The purpose is to identify the community's perceptions, motivations, and preferences around the urban forest. Primary data collection by questionnaire to 31 people was determined purposively and analyzed quantitatively using a 4-point Likert Scale. Calculation of air temperature and humidity, thermal comfort, biomass with allometric methods, and CO2 absorption to support recommendations for attractions. The results show that community knowledge, benefits, and functions of urban forests are well known. People visit urban forests because they provide comfort and good air quality so that they are physically and mentally healthy. Community preferences are in the form of harvesting honey and developing urban forests together so that they can participate further. The potential of the urban forest in cultural environmental services can be developed through the provision of massive information and counseling, the development of tourist attractions in the form of forest healing, educational, and culinary tourism, also panoramic and landscape attractions. With the relative humidity of 60% and the thermal comfort of 25.2 oC, categorized as quite comfortable, the development of health therapy tourism can be considered.


Ambrosini D, Galli G, Mancini B, Nardi I, Sfarra S. 2014. Evaluating mitigation effects of urban heat islands in a historical small center with the ENVI-Met® climate model. Sustainability. 6(10):7013–7029. doi:10.3390/su6107013.
Aristyani S, Widyarti S, Sumitro S. 2018. Network analysis of indigenous Indonesia medical plants for treating tuberculosis. Pharmacognosy Journal. 10(6):1159–1164. doi:10.5530/pj.2018.6.198.
Dafit F, Mustika D, Melihayatri N. 2020. Pengaruh program pojok literasi terhadap minat baca mahasiswa PGSD FKIP UIR. Jurnal Basicedu. 4(1):117–130.
Department of the Environment Water Heritage and the Arts. 2009. Ecosystem Services : Key Concepts and Applications. Volume 1. Canberra (AU): Department of the Environment Water Heritage and the Arts
Destiana A, Pujiastuti EE, Sadeli S. 2019. Pengaruh destination image dan tourist atraction terhadap tourist satisfaction dan post visit behavioral intention. Journal of Tourism Creativity. 3(2):131–150. doi:10.19184/jtc.v3i2.14014.
Dong W, Liu Z, Zhang L, Tang Q, Liao H, Li X. 2014. Assessing heat health risk for sustainability in Beijing’s urban heat island. Sustainability. 6(10):7334–7357. doi:10.3390/su6107334.
Doorn M, Towprayoon S, Vieira S, Irving W, Palmer C, Pipatti R. 2006. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Volume 5—waste. Di dalam: The National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme, The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Dou Y, Zhen L, De Groot R, Du B, Yu X. 2017. Assessing the importance of cultural ecosystem services in urban areas of Beijing municipality. Ecosystem Services. 24:79–90. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.02.011.
Emmanuel R. 2005. Thermal comfort implications of urbanization in a warm-humid city: The Colombo Metropolitan Region (CMR), Sri Lanka. Build Environ. 40(12):1591–1601. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2004.12.004.
Eser H, Inan M, Kukucer M, Kilciksiz C, Yilmaz S, Dincer N, Kilic O, Ercan A, Aydemir O. 2020. Development, validity and reliability of the 4-point Likert Turkish version of cognitive failures questionnaire. Annals of Medical Research. 27(5):1650–1656. doi:10.5455/annalsmedres.2020.04.308.
Etikan I, Musa S, Alkassim R. 2016. Comparison of convenience sampling and purposive sampling. American Journal of Theoretical Applied Statistics. 5(1):1–4. doi:10.11648/j.ajtas.20160501.11.
Farkic J, Isailovic G, Taylor S. 2021. Forest bathing as a mindful tourism practice. Annals of Tourism Research Empirical Insights. 2(2):1–9. doi:10.1016/j.annale.2021.100028.
Hairiah K, Ekadinata A, Sari RR, Rahayu S. 2011. Pengukuran Cadangan Karbon dari Tingkat Lahan ke Bentang Lahan. Petunjuk praktis. Edisi kedua. (In Bahasa Indonesia). Bogor (ID): Agroforestry Centre
Hansen M, Jones R, Tocchini K. 2017. Shinrin-yoku (Forest bathing) and nature therapy: A state-of-the-art review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 14(8):1–48. doi:10.3390/ijerph14080851.
Handoko, Nasir AN, June T, Hidayati R. 1994. Klimatologi Dasar. Bogor (ID): Pustaka Jaya.
Joshi A, Kale S, Chandel S, Pal D. 2015. Likert scale: Explored and explained. British Journal of Applied Science and Technology. 7(4):396–403. doi:10.9734/bjast/2015/14975.
Kasriman K. 2017. Motivasi masyarakat melakukan olahraga rekreasi melalui program car free day di Jakarta. J Pendidik Jasmani dean Olahraga. 2(2):72–78. doi:10.17509/jpjo.v2i2.8183.
Ketterings QM, Coe R, Van Noordwijk M, Ambagau’ Y, Palm CA. 2001. Reducing uncertainty in the use of allometric biomass equations for predicting above-ground tree biomass in mixed secondary forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 146(1–3):199–209. doi:10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00460-6.
Lestiani K, Jati DR, Jumiati J. 2022. Analisis kesediaan membayar (willingness to pay) masyarakat Kecamatan Sambas terhadap biaya retribusi kebersihan. Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Lahan Basah. 10(2):164–173. doi:10.26418/jtllb.v10i2.56105.
Lubis SH, Arifin HS, Samsoedin I. 2013. Analisis cadangan karbon pohon pada lanskap hutan kota di DKI Jakarta (tree carbon stock analysis of urban forest landscape in DKI Jakarta ). Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan. 10(1):1–20.
Markho R, Herlambang S, Rahardjo P, Santoso S. 2020. Evaluasi kelayakan hutan kota studi kasus Hutan Kota Srengseng, Jakarta Barat. Jurnal Sains, Teknologi Urban, Perancangan, dan Arsitektur. 2(2):2731–2742. doi:10.24912/stupa.v2i2.8918.
Marpaung GN, Bowo PA, Suseno DA, Putri PI, Kumala SN. 2020. Countermeasures of negative externality through the utilization of used goods for live pharmacies. Indonesian Journal of Devotion and Empowerment. 2(2):1–5. doi:10.15294/ijde.v2i2.42001.
Musawantoro M, Zulkifli A, Ridwan M. 2020. Pemanfaatan hutan kota sebagai destinasi pendekatan wisata edukasi. PUSAKA (Journal Tourism, Hospitality, Travel, and Business Event). 2(2):145–152. doi:10.33649/pusaka.v2i2.60.
Nieuwolt S dan McGregor GR. 1998. Tropical Climatology: An Introduction to The Climates of The Low Latitudes, 2nd Edition. Chichester (UK): John Wiley and Sons
Oteros-Rozas E, Martín-López B, Fagerholm N, Bieling C, Plieninger T. 2018. Using social media photos to explore the relation between cultural ecosystem services and landscape features across five European sites. Ecological Indicator. 94:74–86. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.02.009.
Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Bekasi. 2011. Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kabupaten Bekasi Tahun 2011-2031. Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Bekasi
Pratiwi R, Fatimah I, Munandar A. 2019. Persepsi dan preferensi masyarakat terhadap infrastruktur hijau kota Yogyakarta. Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia. 11(1):33–42.
Roni A, Maruf A, Marliani L. 2021. Uji sitotoksik ekstrak tanaman gandaria (Bouea macrophylla Griff) terhadap sel HeLa. Jurnal Kimia Riset. 6(1):39–45. doi:10.20473/jkr.v6i1.24254.
Rudiana T, Suryani N, Indriatmoko D, Yusransyah Y, Hardiyanto M, Yohanes R, Nurbayti S, Nurdiansyah E, Fajri H, Noviany N, Hadi S. 2021. The anticancer activity of phytoconstituents of the stem of Bouea macrophylla. Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal. 14(4):1955–1964. doi:10.13005/bpj/2293.
Seyitoğlu F. 2020. Tourist experiences of guided culinary tours: the case of Istanbul. Journal of Culinary Science Technology. 19(2):93–114. doi:10.1080/15428052.2020.1712289.
Singarimbun M dan Effendi S. 1995. Metode Penelitian Survei. Jakarta (ID): PT Pustaka LP3ES
Syaputra M, Aji IML, Indriyatno. 2019. Penataan kawasan Embung Aik Bual melalui penguatan media interpretasi wisata. Jurnal Warta Desa. 1(1):1–6. doi:10.29303/jwd.v1i1.14.
Terkenli T, Skowronek E, Georgoula V. 2021. Landscape and tourism: European expert views on an intricate relationship. Land. 10(3):1–16. doi:10.3390/land10030327.
Uceng A, Ali A, Mustanir A, Nirmawati. 2019. Analisis tingkat partisipasi masyarakat terhadap pembangunan sumber daya manusia di Desa Cemba Kecamatan Enrekang Kabupaten Eenrekang. Jurnal MODERAT. 5(2):1–17.
Vishnu P, Patil SS. 2017. Carbon storage and sequestration by trees in and around University Campus of Aurangabad City, Maharashtra. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. 5(4):5459–5468. doi:10.15680/IJIRSET.2016.0504179.
Wang W, Wang H, Xiao L, He X, Zhou W, Wang Q, Wei C. 2018. Microclimate regulating functions of urban forests in changchun city (North-east China) and their associations with different factors. Biogeosience and Forestry. 11(1):140–147. doi:10.3832/ifor2466-010.


Tsamarah Nada Saninah
Rachmad Hermawan (Primary Contact)
Yudi Setiawan
Tania June
SaninahT. N., HermawanR., SetiawanY. and JuneT. (2023) “The Potential of Bekasi ‘Eduforest’ urban forest in cultural environmental services”, Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management). Bogor, ID, 13(2), pp. 186-198. doi: 10.29244/jpsl.13.2.186-198.

Article Details