Feline lower urinary tract disease diagnosis in an obese sterile male Persian mixed-breed cat

  • Dwi Utari Rahmiati Division of Surgery and Radiology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, IPB University, Bogor
  • Gayathiri Balasubramaniam Veterinary Professional Program, School of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, IPB University
  • Malni Sovinar Bobon and Vet, Sindangbarang, Bogor
  • Dinda Septiana Boru Tampubolon Bobon and Vet Animal Clinic, Bogor
  • Ernestine Sisca Priyatna Bobon and Vet Animal Clinic, Bogor
  • Yusrinabilla Yusrinabilla Bobon and Vet Animal Clinic, Bogor
  • Ananda Sarah Nur Azizah Bobon and Vet Animal Clinic, Bogor
Keywords: penyakit saluran kemih bagian bawah, kastrasi, obesitas, patofisologi, struvit


Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) occurs because of dysfunction of the urinary bladder and urethra in cats. This study reported that FLUTD occurs in a castrated and obese male cat. The supporting diagnostics used to confirm the diagnosis are the dipstick test, urine microscopic observation, and ultrasound. The examination results showed pyuria, proteinuria, haematuria, struvite crystals, and cystitis. The pathophysiology of FLUTD in this case begins with the condition of castrated males, who tend to have little activity and become obese. Obesity increases the risk of ascending infections, which is one of the causes of crystal formation in the urinary tract.


Download data is not yet available.


Apritya D, Yunani R, Widyawati R. 2017. Analisis urin kasus urolithiasis pada kucing tahun 2017 di Surabaya. Agrovet. 6(1):82-84.

Clarkson MR, Magee CN, Brenner BM. 2011. Chapter 2 - Laboratory assessment of kidney disease in Pocket Companion to Brenner and Rector's The Kidney. Ed 8. Missouri (US): W.B. Saunders. pp:21-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-4160-6640-8.00002-6

Dorsch R, Teichmann-Knorrn S, Sjetne Lund H. 2019. Urinary tract infection and subclinical bacteriuria in cats: A clinical update. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery. 21(11):1023-1038. https://doi.org/10.1177/1098612X19880435 | PMid:31601143 PMCid:PMC6826873

Fauziah H. 2015. Gambaran cystitis melalui pemeriksaan klinis dan laboratoris (uji dipstik dan sedimentasi urin) pada kucing di klinik hewan Makassar. [skripsi]. Makassar (ID): FK UNHAS.

Harley L, Langston C. 2012. Proteinuria in dogs and cats. The Canadian Veterinary Journal. 53(6):631-638.

Hostutler RA, Chew DJ, DiBartola SP. 2005. Recent concepts in feline lower urinary tract disease. Veterinary Clinics: Small Animal Practice. 35(1):147-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2004.08.006 | PMid:15627632

Kovarikova S, Simerdova V, Bilek M, Honzak D, Palus V, Marsalek P. 2020. Clinicopathological characteristics of cats with signs of feline lower urinary tract disease in the Czech Republic. Veterinární Medicína. 65(3):123-133. https://doi.org/10.17221/146/2019-VETMED

Men YV, Arjentina IP. 2018. Laporan kasus: Urolithiasis pada anjing mix Rottweiller. Indonesia Medicus Veterinus. 7(3):211-218. https://doi.org/10.19087/imv.2018.7.3.210

Piyarungsri K, Tangtrongsup S, Thitaram N, Lekklar P, Kittinun-tasilp A. 2020. Prevalence and risk factors of feline lower urinary tract disease in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Scientific Reports. 10(1):196. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-56968-w | PMid:31932653 PMCid:PMC6957472

Plumeriastuti H, Novitasari SP, Arimbi A, Yunita MN, Hamid IS, Wibawati PA. 2023. Risk factors and incidence of feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) in Sahabat Satwa Genteng Animal Clinic. Jurnal Medik Veteriner. 6(1):15-20. https://doi.org/10.20473/jmv.vol6.iss1.2023.15-20

Pusoonthornthum R, Pusoonthornthum P, Osborne CA. 2012. Risk factors for feline lower urinary tract diseases in Thailand. Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 42(4):517-522. https://doi.org/10.56808/2985-1130.2432

Rizzi TE. 2014. Urinalysis in Companion Animal Part 2: Evaluation of Urine Chemistry and Sediment. available at https://www.todaysveterinarypractice.com.

Thomas G. Nyland, William R. Widmer, John S. Mattoon. 2015.Chapter 16 - Urinary Tract in Small Animal Diagnostic Ultrasound. Ed ke-3. Matton JS, Nyland TG (ed). Missouri (US): W.B. Saunders. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-4160-4867-1.00016-7

Wael MK. 2012. Clinical survey and selection of therapeutic approach for emergent feline urological syndrome. Life Science Journal. 110(9):151-156.

Yadav SN, Ahmed N, Nath AJ, Mahanta D, Kalita MK. 2020. Urinalysis in dog and cat: A review. Veterinary World. 13(10):2133-2141. https://doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2020.2133-2141 | PMid:33281347 PMCid:PMC7704312

How to Cite
RahmiatiD. U., BalasubramaniamG., SovinarM., TampubolonD. S. B., PriyatnaE. S., YusrinabillaY., & AzizahA. S. N. (2024). Feline lower urinary tract disease diagnosis in an obese sterile male Persian mixed-breed cat. ARSHI Veterinary Letters, 8(1), 7-8. https://doi.org/10.29244/avl.8.1.7-8