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Identifikasi Potensi Predator dan Hama pada Peternakan Kelulut (Hymenoptera; Apidae; Meliponini; Tetragonula, Lepidotrigona) melalui Pengamatan Cepat di Kabupaten Padang Pariaman, Sumatera Barat

Identification of Potential Predators and Pests in Stingless Bee Farm (Hymenoptera; Apidae; Meliponini; Tetragonula, Lepidotrigona) through Rapid Observation in Padang Pariaman Regency, West Sumatra

  • Muhammad Janra Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Andalas, Jalan Kampus Unand Limau Manis Pauh Padang, Sumatera Barat 25163, Indonesia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9757-4590
  • Henny Herwina Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Andalas, Jalan Kampus Unand Limau Manis Pauh Padang, Sumatera Barat 25163, Indonesia
  • Siti Salmah Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Andalas, Jalan Kampus Unand Limau Manis Pauh Padang, Sumatera Barat 25163, Indonesia
  • Rusdimansyah Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Andalas, Jalan Kampus Unand Limau Manis Pauh Padang, Sumatera Barat 25163, Indonesia
  • Jasmi Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Indonesia, Jalan Khatib Sulaiman No. 17, Padang, Sumatera Barat, 25173, Indonesia

Abstract

Stingless bees have been considered as the excellent option in the apiary sector as they produce valuable products such as honey, bee pollen and wax. Apiary business with stingless bee at its core has shown progressive increment especially in West Sumatra. Therefore, to maximize the production of the stingless bee apiary, knowing detrimental predator or pest organisms as well as the way of managing them are essential. This article described potential predators and pests of stingless bee identified through rapid observation conducted on 14 April 2019 at a community apiary in Padang Pariaman Regency, West Sumatra. There were 17 predators and pests identified, consist of six bird species, five odonate species and six ant species. The predation, competition and disadvantage possibly emerge from the existence of these organisms around stingless bee apiary are discussed, along with the feasible mitigation effort.

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Published
2021-02-02
Section
Articles