Main Article Content


Vanilla was generally stored for conditioning for 2-6 months thus triggering microbial growth. Irradiation can be applied to reduce microbes in vanilla export purpose. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of gamma-ray irradiation on quality of cured vanilla and to determine the best irradiation dose with quality can be accepted by consumers. The experimental design was completely randomized factorial design with three replications. The first factor was irradiation dose at three levels namely 10, 15 and 30 kGy and unirradiated (0 kGy) as a control. The second factor was the raw material of cured vanilla in three levels, namely cured vanilla from GHE (greenhouse effect dryer) without further sweating, vanilla from GHE dryer with four nights further sweating, and vanilla drying out by farmers. Irradiation was given to the   cured vanilla after stored for two months. Quality parameter testing was carried out before and after irradiation on packaged samples. A dose at 10 kGy was found effective in reducing microbiological contamination on cured vanilla without and with further sweating according to SNI. Cured vanilla by farmers requires 15 kGy to reduce contamination. The irradiation dose had no significant effect on weight loss, water and vanillin content of cured vanilla. Irradiation increased the value of L* and chroma but the panelists' preference for vanilla color was still worth 4 (rather like) to 30 kGy. Irradiation increased the panelists' preference for aroma from a slight dislike (3) to a slight liking (4) after irradiation.


consumer preference doses gamma ray greenhouse effect dryer vanilla quality

Article Details

Author Biographies

I Wayan Budiastra, Pusat Pengembangan Ilmu Teknik untuk Pertanian Tropika (CREATA), IPB University

Chairman of Center for Research on Engineering Aplication in Tropical Agriculture (CREATA)

Usman Ahmad, Departemen Teknik Mesin dan Biossitem Fakultas Teknologi Pascapanen, IPB University

Chairman of Postharvest Technology Program.

Department of Mechanical and Biosystem Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, IPB University