Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht <p><strong>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika (JMHT, J Man Hut Trop)</strong> <span style="font-style: normal;">is a periodic scientific articles and conc</span><span style="font-style: normal;">eptual thinking of tropical forest management covering all aspects </span><span style="font-style: normal;">of forest planning, forest policy, forest resources utilization, forest ergonomics, forest ecology, forest inventory, silviculture, and management of regional ecosystems.</span></p> <p><span id="result_box" lang="en"><strong><span id="result_box" lang="en"><strong>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika</strong></span><span id="result_box" lang="en">&nbsp;</span></strong><span id="result_box" lang="en">has been</span><strong><span id="result_box" lang="en">&nbsp;</span></strong><span id="result_box" lang="en"><span class="hps atn">re-</span></span><span id="result_box" lang="en">accredited&nbsp;<strong><em><span class="hps">A</span></em></strong>&nbsp;from&nbsp;<span class="hps">the Directorate</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">General of</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">Higher Education</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">(DIKTI</span>)&nbsp;<span class="hps">through</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">the Decree of Directorate General</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">of Higher Education</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">No.</span></span><span id="result_box" lang="en">&nbsp;36a/E/KPT/2016.</span><strong><span id="result_box" lang="en">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika</strong> is indexed in <strong>SCOPUS</strong>, <strong>Emerging Sources Citation Index</strong>&nbsp;(Clarivate Analytics) since November 2017, also in&nbsp;<strong>Science and Technology Index 1</strong>&nbsp;(<strong>SINTA 1</strong>, SINTA is Indonesian Government official indexing body).&nbsp;<em><span class="hps"><span id="result_box" lang="en">S</span></span></em><span class="hps"><span id="result_box" lang="en">ince October 24th, 2018&nbsp;</span></span><span class="hps"><span id="result_box" lang="en"><strong>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika </strong>has been&nbsp;recognized as&nbsp;<strong>PERINGKAT 1</strong>&nbsp;journal based on the&nbsp;Directorate General of Research and Development Strengthening of Ministry of Research Technology and Higher Education of Indonesian Republic (Decree No. 30/E/KPT/2018).</span></span></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <strong>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika</strong> is an open access journal which means that all contents is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access. eyyovi@apps.ipb.ac.id (Dr. Efi Yuliati Yovi) pryanto@apps.ipb.ac.id (Priyanto, M.Si) Mon, 27 Jul 2020 09:01:59 +0700 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Three Generations of Forest Peoples’ Empowerment in Indonesia: Process Towards Sustainable and Equitable Forest Management https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/29188 <p><em>Human activities that alter land cover have destroyed natural ecosystems and caused conflict. In Indonesia, community-based forest management (CBFM) policies implemented by the government seek to empower communities, ameliorate forest conversion, and reduce environmental conflict. This article critically assesses contemporary CBFM policy in Indonesia by analyzing its history and outcomes through policy analysis. To systematically review previous literature on CBFM, this research uses the PRISMA method. It finds that communities are often able to manage forest areas sustainably through sociocultural systems that combine management customs and culture. Empowerment through CBFM policy therefore promises to promote community subsistence, equity, and security regarding forest management. However, granting total resource rights to communities can result in land conversion unless managerial safeguards are in place. Many studies find that the clarity of land boundaries, the consistency of regulation, and the partiality of land governance drive CBFM program success. To facilitate land governance for the successful implementation of Indonesian social forestry, communities need access rights, authority to manage forests, and sufficient knowledge transfer to participate in formal forest management. In contrast to previous iterations of CBFM in Indonesia, current social forestry policy acknowledges these governance needs and seeks to implement them.</em></p> Jun Harbi, Yukun Cao, James Thomas Erbaugh, Faris Rafi Almay Widagdo, Jerry Mauri, Supriyanto, Noril Milantara Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/29188 Thu, 13 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Contribution of the Mutis Timau Protected Forest to Community Income in the Forest Management Unit of South Central Timor Regency, Timor Island, Indonesia https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/30076 <p><em>Communities in and around the forest always interact and use the resources to satisfy their daily needs for survival. Forest resources obtained by the community are used to satisfy family needs, and one is an additional family income. This study aimed at determining the contribution of Mutis Timau protected forest to community income. In order to knowing the income that the community earns from the forest, a survey was conducted in nine villages located in and around Mutis Timau protected forest that started from January to June 2018. Nine villages were purposively selected that Mutis Timau protected forest area is administratively under those villages whose communities directly interact with the protected forest. The technique of collecting data was a questionnaire with 353 respondents selected proportionally in each village. Also, observation and literature study were adopted. The data were descriptively analyzed. The results denote that Mutis Timau protected forest provide income to the community through non-timber forest products of IDR1,637,510,566 year<sup>-1</sup> of the total income of IDR45,260,686,262 year<sup>-1</sup>. Community income earned from Mutis Timau protected forest is very low (3.62%) compared to the income gained from horticultural food crops (66.29%) and livestock (30.09%). The income is directly earned from the sale of non-timber forest products to the consumers without having product processes in particular for hunting wild animals, fungus, tubers, and honey. Honey delivers higher income besides other non-timber forest products, such as hunting wild animals, fungus, and tubers.</em></p> Fransiskus Xaverius Dako, Ris Hadi Purwanto, Lies Rahayu Wijayanti Faida, Sumardi Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/30076 Mon, 24 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Enhancing the Role of the District Government in Decentralized Forest Management https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/jtfm.26.2.114 <p><em>Following the enactment of Law Number 23 of 2014 on the Regional Government,</em> <em>which superseded Law Number 22 of 1999 and Law Number 32 of 2004</em><em>, now</em><em> the local government has no longer holds an authority to manage state forest areas, except “</em><em>g</em><em>rand </em><em>f</em><em>orest </em><em>p</em><em>ark” </em>(<em>Taman Hutan Raya</em>)<em> located in their respective administrative areas. The management of production forests and protected forests </em>(<em>located at state forest areas</em>)<em> is the authority and responsibility of the provincial government, while the management of conservation forests is the authority of the central government.</em> <em>The success of forest management and management program activities is determined, among others, by government and local government policies and their implementation at the site level. By considering ntthe complexity of forest management, the context of decentralization, and available resources as well as constrained authority, this study aims to identify the level of importance, priorities, and main roles of district governments in forest management by applying the analytic network process </em>(<em>ANP</em>)<em> method. &nbsp;This study suggests</em> <em>that the district government could play a significant role in building social capital, which</em> <em>serves as a first step in developing</em><em> collaborative forest management</em><em> by promoting the optimization of multipurpose forests to preserve forests.</em></p> Ristianto Pribadi, Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat, Endang Suhendang, Hermanto Siregar Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/jtfm.26.2.114 Fri, 14 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Evaluation of Tree Detection and Segmentation Algorithms in Peat Swamp Forest Based on LiDAR Point Clouds Data https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/30179 <p><em>Application of LiDAR for tree detection and tree canopy segmentation has been widely used in conifer plantation forest in temperate countries with high accuracy, however its application on tropical natural forest especially peat swamp forest hardly found. The objective of this study was evaluated algorithms of individual tree detection and canopy segmentation used LiDAR data in peat swamp forest. The algorithms included </em>(<em>a</em>)<em> Local Maxima </em>(<em>LM</em>)<em> with various variable window size combined with growing region, </em>(<em>b</em>)<em> LM with various variable window size combined with Voronoi Tessellation, </em>(<em>c</em>)<em> LM with various fixed window size combined with growing region, </em>(<em>d</em>)<em> LM with various fixed window size combined with Voronoi Tessellation, and </em>(<em>e</em>)<em> Tree Relative Distance algorithm.</em> <em>The results show that </em><em>algorithm with the best accuracy was the </em><em>T</em><em>ree </em><em>R</em><em>elative </em><em>D</em><em>istance algorithm with the highest</em><em> overall</em><em> F-score of 0.63. </em><em>The tree relative distance algorithm also provides the highest accuracy in determining three tree parameters </em><em>which are</em><em> position, height and diameter of tree canopy </em><em>with a RMSE value 1.08 </em><em>m</em><em>, 6.45 </em><em>m </em><em>and 1.19 </em><em>m, respectively</em><em>. </em></p> Irlan, Muhammad Buce Saleh, Lilik Budi Prasetyo, Yudi Setiawan Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/30179 Thu, 13 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Effects of Transfer of Right and Jurisdictional Boundary on Mining Reclamation Performance in East Kalimantan Forest Areas https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/28484 <p><em>Mining is still considered to be an essential sector to gain national income and to provide energy supply. Forest Leasehold License </em>(<em>FLL</em>)<em> is a mechanism to accommodate the non-forestry sector, including mining development in the forest area. This license is a form of transfer of right given from Minister of Environment and Forestry to a mining license holder. Transfer of right by FLL contractual shaped jurisdictional boundary that is one of the obligations that has to be complied by FLL holder is to conduct mining reclamation. This study aimed to analyze the effects of FLL and its </em><em>jurisdictional boundary</em><em> on mining reclamation performance in East Kalimantan forest areas. It is a descriptive qualitative study based implemented the agency theory with the institutional approach. The study found that mining permit and FLL is a temporary transfer of right. The emerging problem in the FLL and its jurisdictional boundary related to asymmetric information and transaction cost caused moral hazards such as adverse risk selection of FLL holders by the principal, reclamation ignorance by the agent, and opportunism both from principal and agent. These agency problems affect FLL reclamation performance that just reached 41.35% over disturbed areas. Institutional challenges are due to the regulation gap creating a conflict of interest, budget and human resource constrain, cost center activity, and lack of economic incentive as well as lack of coordination among the government institutions. The research findings suggested inputs for institutional arrangement in terms of transfer of the right, including FLL reclamation process business, to improve its performance in the East Kalimantan forest area.</em></p> Rina Kristanti, Hariadi Kartodihardjo, Bramasto Nugroho, Irdika Mansur Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/28484 Mon, 24 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Interaction of Fertilization and Weed Control Influences on Growth, Biomass, and Carbon in Eucalyptus Hybrid (E. pellita × E. brassiana) https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/29758 <p><em>Fertilization and weed control are regularly conducted as the main silvicultural prescriptions in the eucalyptus plantation forest. However, the interaction effects of both treatments on eucalyptus performance are still not deeply understood, even though these treatments require high investment. This circumstance may potentially inhibit the managers to formulate more efficient maintenance strategy for increasing stand productivity. This study examined the interaction effects of fertilization and weed control on growth, biomass, and carbon storage in eucalyptus hybrid </em>(<em>E. pellita </em>x <em>E. brassiana</em>). <em>Results demonstrated that without both treatments, the average stand volume only reached 37.9 m<sup>3</sup> ha <sup>-1</sup> with the mean biomass and carbon storage approached 25.4 and 12.7 Mg ha <sup>-1</sup>, respectively. In contrast, the use of both treatments simultaneously improved the mean volume around 60.4 m<sup>3</sup> ha <sup>-1</sup> with the average biomass and carbon storage closed to 37.6 and 18.8 Mg ha <sup>-1</sup>. Furthermore, the development of eucalyptus hybrid using fertilization without weed control only gained the mean wood production approximately 58.7 m<sup>3</sup> ha <sup>-1</sup> while the practice of weed control without fertilization only resulted the average volume nearly 43.7 m<sup>3</sup> ha <sup>-1</sup>. These facts indicated fertilization exhibited higher influence than weed control on the performance of eucalyptus hybrid. </em></p> Pandu Yudha Adi Putra Wirabuana, Ronggo Sadono, Sergian Juniarso, Fahmi Idris Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/29758 Fri, 14 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Mangrove Forest Utilization for Sustainable Livelihood through Community-Based Ecotourism in Kao Village of North Halmahera District https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/29864 <p><em>This article aims to describe the mangrove forest utilization for sustainable livelihood through a community-based ecotourism approach. This research conduct in Kao Village, North Halmahera District of Indonesia. This study was done in a qualitative method using a life-history approach. The data was collected through in-depth interviews, observation, and document study. The data were analyzed using a triangulation method to obtain credible information. These research findings show that cultural value, known as Higaro was able to mobilize the capability to access resources such as natural and social capital. In its development, assimilation and acculturation caused changes in livelihood structure. In addition, The mining sector's existence in the Kao community custom area had the potential to limit access to natural and social capital due to ecological loss. However, the mining sector could mobilize human and physical capital through Social Performance programs in the education sector and infrastructure development. The adverse effects of the mining sector to the environment had become such a stimulus for the Kao Village community to adopt an environmentally friendly development approach that had economic value and was able to improve the community welfare. Thus, the Kao Village community managed to maintain and utilize the mangrove forest using a community-based ecotourism approach to endurance livelihood sustainability. These results could be developed into recommendations for regional policymakers, especially in the rural areas, to mobilize the capability of local community access to capitals through the tourism sector to maintain livelihood sustainability.</em></p> Yerik Afrianto Singgalen Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/29864 Sun, 16 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Institutional Capacity of Forest Management Unit in Promoting Sustainable Community-Based Forest Management. Case Study of Forest Management Unit in Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/30201 <p><em>The main issue of forest management policies in Indonesia is strengthening the role of Forest Management Unit (FMU) and community-based forest management. This study describes the performance of FMU and the priority needs for the institutional strengthening of FMU to promote community-based forest management in Central Sulawesi Province. The research applied a case study's descriptive method by exploring, classifying, and understanding the meaning of the problems encountered by the object examined. The study shows that the performance of the FMUs was not yet optimal in promoting community-based forest management. This problem attributed to the weak institutional capacity of FMU. Several aspects of the institution need improvements, including strengthening its capacity at the resort level, fulfilling the needs and capacity building of extension staff, as well as providing a legal mechanism for financial management to facilitate its business activities and cooperation. These priority needs were affected by government bureaucratic issues. It necessary the policy formulation governing the strengthening of community-based forest management in the FMU area that supports the independence goals of FMU.</em></p> Sudirman Daeng Massiri, Adam Malik, Golar, Hamzari, Bramasto Nugroho Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/30201 Thu, 13 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Ecotourism Policy Research Trends in Indonesia, Japan, and Australia https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/29700 <p><em>Numerous definitions and concepts regarding ecotourism lead to different implementations in ecotourism policies and systems. Identifying trends between countries provide valuable information for the development of inadequate ecotourism sites. This study aimed to understand the trends in ecotourism policies in Japan, Indonesia, and Australia by examining the bibliographic records of existing ecotourism policy research. These records were retrieved from the Scopus database and processed by using the scientometrics analysis. The results show the significant research trends of ecotourism policy in each country based on the co-occurrence of keywords were "conservation" for Indonesia, "biodiversity" for Japan, and "management" for Australia. Whereas, based on the research field, it revealed a similar priority within ecotourism policy between Australia and Japan in Social Science, while Indonesia in Environmental Science. The pattern of the keyword network analysis results in an anomaly in Indonesia compared to Japan and Australia, which clarifies the overlapping problem in ecotourism policy in Indonesia. It also visualized the shifting trends of research in some timeline intervals and notifies their relation to the emerging of ecotourism policy. This research also included the usefulness of the research results for future study and the recommendation for the ecotourism policy, especially for Indonesia.</em></p> Saraswati Sisriany, Katsunori Furuya Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/29700 Wed, 19 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Institutional Impacts on Choice of Traditional Agroforestry-Based Rural Community Livelihood Strategies in Maluku https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/29243 <p><em>The ability of rural communities responding to vulnerabilities highly depends on local and institutional adaptations. The institutional adaptation is formed based on habits rooted in the community’s local knowledge and life experience. Utilization of traditional agroforestry on rural land is unique for each individual, resulting different livelihood strategies to deal with vulnerability. This study aims to understand institutional impacts on the choice of rural livelihood strategies through traditional agroforestry using an institutional approach </em>(<em>traditions, customs, and rules</em>)<em> and a livelihood framework. This research was conducted in Booi Village, Maluku, from October 2016 to September 2018. The data was collected through in-depth interviews and document studies. Interviews were conducted to key informants such as Raja </em>(<em>head</em>)<em> of Booi Village, farmers (landowners), community members who did not own land, and village governments. The results showed that the community had a variety of choices for livelihood strategies, including intensification, extensification, diversification, and “holding” nutmeg seeds. The presence of institutional impact was also proven to have a significant effect on the livelihoods of the Booi community, for example, in the form of access for the community who did not have assets </em>(<em>informal insurance</em>)<em>.</em></p> Hendri Dony Hahury, Tity Susilowati Prabawa, Pamerdi Giri Wiloso, Tontji Soumokil, Marthen Luther Ndoen Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/29243 Sun, 16 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 FRONTMATTER https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/32275 Admin JMHT Copyright (c) https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/32275 Tue, 25 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 BACKMATTER https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/32276 Admin JMHT Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/32276 Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700