Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp <p align="justify"><img src="/public/site/images/fapetipb/cover_iptp.jpg" alt="" width="178" height="211" align="left"></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan (Journal of Animal Production &amp; Processing Technology)<br><br>ISSN : <a href="https://portal.issn.org/api/search?search[]=MUST=notcanc,notinc,notissn,notissnl=%222303-2227%22&amp;search_id=2228944">2303-2227</a></p> <p>eISSN : <a href="https://portal.issn.org/api/search?search[]=MUST=notcanc,notinc,notissn,notissnl=%222303-2227%22&amp;search_id=2228944">2615-594X</a>&nbsp;<br><br>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan is published three times a year in January, June, and October by Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University in associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI). Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan as the open access journal has been indexed by <strong>Garuda, PKP Index, Indonesian Publication Index (IPI),</strong>&nbsp;<strong>EuroPub,</strong> <strong>Science and Technology Index (SINTA),&nbsp;</strong>and&nbsp;<strong>Google Scholar</strong>.</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan is currently an accredited journal under <strong>SINTA 3</strong> category by National Journal Accreditation (ARJUNA) under Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, Republic Indonesia as stipulated in the Decree No. 30.EKPT/2019.</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan&nbsp;receives manuscripts encompass a broad range of research topics :&nbsp;livestock production, management and environment, breeding and genetics, livestock yield technology, and socio-economic livestock.</p> en-US agunawan.jipthp@gmail.com (Dr. agr. Asep Gunawan, S.Pt M.Sc) astariapriantini@gmail.com (Dr. Astari Apriantini S.Gz, M.Sc) Mon, 22 Jun 2020 19:14:28 +0700 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Performance and Development Strategy for Swamp Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis) in Serang District Indonesia https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31325 <p>Buffaloes is performance and potensial has ideal as meat-producing livestock, but the population has declined each year. The purpose of this research was to analyze performance and development strategy of swamp buffalo in Serang District. The resarch metodology was using the Body Condition Score (BCS) system and the analysis of Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, Threat (SWOT). The research was conducted in Serang District with a survey method, observation and in-depth interviews to 50 farmers, with the snowball sampling, and reinforced with secondary data from the instance relevant. The research location was determined by purposive sampling. Data obtained from 36 buffaloes randomly with the range of age before and after sexual maturity with a different sex, through direct observation using a frame-size Body Condition Scores (BCS). Analysis BCS calculations using factorial completely randomized design. The analysis showed that bulls have better of Body Condition Scores (BCS) level than cows when subjected to sexual maturity. The result value of the interaction between age and sex was significant (P&lt;0.05), so there were SWOT that differs between the interactions with one another. The SWOT analysis and Quantitative Strategic Planning (QSP): the priority was to improve the weaknesses of alternative strategies to avoid threats, the strategy was to strengthen the organizational/institutional breeders that have a strong bargaining power in order to increase the population of buffaloes and breeder ability.</p> Komariah, Burhanuddin, M. Dzaki, E. L. Aditia, V. A. Mendrofa Copyright (c) 2020 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31325 Mon, 22 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Kualitas Udara Selama Perjalanan di Kapal Motor Camara Nusantara 3 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31328 <p>The Camara Nusantara Ship is a mode of transportation used for transporting cattle to various islands. The journey from Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara to Jakarta took five days. The gases that produced during the trip on the ship were ammonia, methane, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. This aim of research to analysis the air quality of each deck on the ship during transportation and inform the threshold of gas concentration as well as strategies to improve air quality for livestock on the Camara Nusantara Ship. Measurements were taken three times: morning (8 am), noon (12 pm) and afternoon (4 pm). Observation of the gas concentration level was carried out for 10 - 15 minutes. The study was conducted observation, and data analysis was done descriptively. The results showed that the level of gas concentration still in the normal range and below the threshold value and the microclimate on the deck still in the normal range. Another factor that influence air quality were still in the safe category, namely wind speed. Strategies that can be applied to anticipate the decline in air quality by improving the ventilation system on the ship by focusing more on the engine airflow on the vessel.</p> D. Talithania, Salundik, A. Yani Copyright (c) 2020 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31328 Mon, 22 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0700 The Influence of Environmental Factors on the Activity and Propolis Production of Tetragonula laeviceps https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31330 <p>The Environment is one of the factors influencing the development and productivity of the bee colony. Favourable environment will significantly support bee productivity. The factors which influence the bees activity include temperature, humidity, light intensity, wind speed, rainfall, and food availability. The aims of this study are to know the influence of environmental factors on activity and propolis production of stingless bees. This study used six colonies of Tetragonula laeviceps into two different locations, monoculture and polyculture nutmeg farm. The method used is a direct observation of the activities and propolis production of stingless bee and analyzed by t-test. The study results of T. laeviceps in monoculture and polyculture farms showed that the activity of the bees was influenced by environmental factors influencing propolis production. The activities would start when the temperatures ranged from 22-23 oC, humidity 70-88%, and light intensity 183-4344 lux. The peak activity of the bees occurred at the temperatures of 26-28 oC, humidity 55-71%, and light intensity 46.875-91.347 lux. The propolis produced by T. laeviceps was 27.79 g in the monoculture farm and 48.80 g in the polyculture farm. The significant difference was predominantly due to the environmental factors.</p> H. Salatnaya, W. D. Widodo, Winarno, A. M. Fuah Copyright (c) 2020 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31330 Mon, 22 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Botanical Composition and Carrying Capacity in Various Agroecosystems on The Timor Island https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31331 <p>This research aims to know the type of vegetation, nutrient components of feed and carrying capacity based on agroecosystems on Timor Island conducted from January-March 2018 (transition from the rainy season to the dry season). The research location was chosen purposively so that those it represented the pasture were in the District of Belu, Malaka, and TTU; agriculture in the District of Kupang and Kota Kupang; plantation in Kupang District; and forests in TTS District. Forage samples were taken using the 1x1m2 quadrant method. The quadrant is thrown at random. All vegetation in the quadrant is cut and analyzed in the laboratory. Descriptive data analysis. The result is that the main vegetation types of Bali cattle consumption in pasture agroecosystems is natural grass with a nutrient composition of ash (9.9%), CP (5.7%), CF (38.5%), EE (2.2%), NFE (36.4%) and TDN (42.1%). Agriculture agroecosystem is ricestraw with a nutrient composition of ash (9.6%), CP (5.8%), CF (27.6%), EE (2.1%), NFE (48.8% ) and TDN (52.8%). Plantation agroecosystems is lamtoro with a nutrient composition of ash (13.6%), CP (12.0%), CF (20.4%), EE (3.3%), NFE (42.8%) and TDN (54.9%). Forest agroecosystems is kabesak with a nutrient composition of ash (8.6%), CP (11.5%), CF (26.9%), EE (1.2%), NFE (44.2%) and TDN (53.1%). The carrying capacity of pasture, agriculture, plantation and forest in sequence are very high, namely 4.8 UT and CCI 0.4 with an average body weight of 229.3 kg; 5.6 UT and CCI 0.6 with an average BB of 188 kg; 6.8 UT and CCI 0.7 with an average BB of 227.5 kg; and 5.8 UT and CCI 0.7 with an average BB of 194.9 kg. The entire agroecosystem area on Timor Island is classified as a very critical area.</p> F. Habaora, A. M. Fuah, L. Abdullah, A. Yani, B. P. Purwanto Copyright (c) 2020 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31331 Mon, 22 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Potensi dan Performa Reproduksi Indukan Sapi Bali dalam Mendukung Usaha Pembiakan di Stasiun Lapang Sekolah Peternakan Rakyat https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31332 <p>Reproductive performance of female cattle is one of the important factors that need to be known in supporting the efficiency of beef cattle breeding programs so that the dam can produce calves every year. This study aimed to evaluate the potential and reproductive performance of female Bali cattle to preparing a baseline for cattle breeding production in SL-SPR Maju Bersama, Sungai Lilin District. Three hundred and thirty female Bali cattle owned by 247 farmers were measured and recorded based on their production and reproduction performance. Data were collected by interview and observation. Data were analyzed using statistical and descriptive methods. Reproductive performance obtained is the age first calving 1098±120 days; calving interval 457,25±8,75 days; days open 109,25±8,57 days and service per conception 5,46±0,42. The average female cattle have a BCS value of 3 (43%). The result showed that the breeding of Bali cattle at SL-SPR had sufficient potential, but it was necessary to improve performance. The basic data obtained can be used to start a breeding business to increase populations and improve the genetic quality of Bali cattle.</p> D. A. P. Sari, Muladno, S. Said Copyright (c) 2020 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31332 Mon, 22 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Efisiensi dan Nilai Ekonomi Daging Sapi untuk Potongan Pasar Tradisional Berdasarkan Potongan Komersial yang Berbeda https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31333 <p>Beef consumers in Indonesia are generally more familiar with the term of traditional processed meat such as rendang and semur compared to the standard commercial cuts. Those terms of beef cuts are usually used in meat trading as a communication language. The study aimed to evaluate the yield and economic value of traditional beef cuts including rendang, semur and tetelan derived from different types of standard commercial cuts. A total of 298.7 kg of beef consisting of 60 commercial cuts of topside and blade were used in this study. Each of commercial cuts was then broken down into common traditional common market name such as rendang, semur and tetelan cuts. The observed parameters consisted of the weights and percentages of the cuts and their economic values, including the cost of goods manufactured (COGM). The differences between topside and blade cuts in their yield and economic value were compared by t-test analysis using the R statistical program version 4.0.0. The results showed that the weight of topside cut was significantly lower than that blade (P &lt;0.05). However, the topside cut produced significantly higher amount and percentage of rendang and significantly lower amount and percentage of semur and tetelan compared to the blade (P&lt;0.05). Economically, the value of blade cut was higher than that of topside for each kg of the traditional beef cuts (rendang, semur, tetelan) produced. It could, therefore, be concluded that the topside cut is economically more efficient than the blade in producing the traditional beef cuts.</p> M. Baihaqi, E. L. Aditia Copyright (c) 2020 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31333 Mon, 22 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Karakteristik Produksi Kambing Peranakan Etawa Dan Kambing Kacang Pada Sistem Pemeliharaan Berbeda Di Kecamatan Toari, Kabupaten Kolaka https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31334 <p>Toari sub-district has a population of 4,434 head or 18.47% of the total 24,003 head of the goat population in Kolaka Regency. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of Etawa crossbreed goats and bean goats in different maintenance systems in the Toari District. The population in this study were all breeders of Etawa Peranakan goats and peanut goats in the Toari District with the research sample of Ranomentaa, Rano Jaya, Lakito, and Toari villages. The sampling method was determined by purposive sampling, ie the sample was determined intentionally while the data used were primary and secondary data. Primary data were obtained through interviews of 100 respondents while secondary data were obtained from the District, village, and related government offices. The results showed that the production of Etawa Peranakan goat and PE Goat Production characteristics (body weight, birth type, chest circumference, body length, shoulder height, and pelvic height) General Etawa (PE) goats were higher compared to pea goats both in maintenance intensive, semi-intensive or extensive system.</p> L. O. Nafiu, M. A. Pagala, S. L. Mogiye Copyright (c) 2020 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31334 Mon, 22 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Produksi Telur dan Kualitas Telur Ayam IPB D-1 G7 serta Pendugaan Nilai Ripitabilitasny https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31335 <p>IPB-D1 is a chicken cross between male F1 PS (PelungxSentul) with F1 female (Kampung x parent stock cobb). The establishment of chicken IPB-D1 aims to produce commercial meat type local chicken with semi-intensive maintenance management. The aim of this research to observe study assesses the performance of egg production and the quality of IPB D-1 chicken eggs and estimates the value of repeatability of production and haugh units of IPB D-1 chicken eggs. The chicken was observed as many as 30 hens IPB D-1 G7 aged 24-36 weeks and eggs as many as 288 eggs. The production and egg quality data were analyzed descriptively and the repeatability values were analyzed with Anova. Egg weight 40 g, Haugh unit value 87 (Very good), egg production 49.22%. The repeatability value of egg production is 0.2 (Moderate) and the repeatability value of the haugh unit is 0.31 (Medium). IPB D-1 Chicken has the potential to be a good dual-purpose chicken.</p> R. Habiburahman, S. Darwati, C. Sumantri, Rukmiasih Copyright (c) 2020 https://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/31335 Mon, 22 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0700