The Detection of Resistant Escherichia coli Isolated From Cats In Dukuh Kupang Sub-District, Surabaya

Keywords: Escherichia coli, cat,, antimicrobial resistance, multidrug resistance


Antimicrobial resistance is a global issue that has become the center of world attention. Transmission to humans through pets is important to be aware of. This research was conducted to determine the presence of antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli bacteria in cats. A total of 60 swab samples were taken, consisting of 30 stray cats samples and 30 domestic cats samples. Samples were tested at the Veterinary Health Laboratory, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wijaya Kusuma University, Surabaya. The samples were then isolated and identified using differential selective media Eosin Methylene Blue Agar. Escherichia coli isolates were then subjected to a sensitivity test to determine resistance to the antibiotics ampicillin, tetracycline and streptomycin. The results showed that 83% of the samples contained Escherichia coli bacteria in cats, with 16% antibiotic resistance to the antibiotic ampicillin, 19% in stray cats, and 12% in domestic cats. Resistance to tetracycline antibiotics shows 12%, where stray cats are 15%, and domestic cats are 8%. Meanwhile resistance to the antibiotic streptomycin showed 4% (2/50), with resistance in stray cats 8% and in domestic cats no resistance was found (0%). Cats, as animals that have a close relationship with human life, can be a factor in transmitting antimicrobial resistance, this is an early precaution as a measure to prevent the transmission of antimicrobial resistance to humans.


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Penelitian / Research