Keanekaragaman dan Komposisi Serangga pada Tanaman Jagung di Tojo Una-Una, Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia

  • Muhammad Amiruddin Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tadulako, Jl. Raya Soekarno-Hatta, Tondo, Kota Palu 94683
  • Nuranisa Nuranisa Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tadulako, Jl. Raya Soekarno-Hatta, Tondo, Kota Palu 94683
  • Jeki Jeki Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tadulako, Jl. Raya Soekarno-Hatta, Tondo, Kota Palu 94683
  • Rosida P. Adam Program Studi Manajemen, Program Studi di Luar Kampus Utama (PSDKU), Universitas Tadulako, Jl. Raya Soekarno-Hatta, Tondo, Kota Palu 94683
  • Diky Dwiyanto Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tadulako, Jl. Raya Soekarno-Hatta, Tondo, Kota Palu 94683


Various insects (Arthropoda: Insecta) have an important role in the agricultural sector, including corn crops. Understanding the diversity of species and composition of insects  in the plantation area is a necessary first step in implementing integrated pest management (IPM). This study aims to analyze the diversity of species and composition of insects found in corn plantation in the Malotong Village, Tojo Una-Una Regency, Central Sulawesi. Sampling was carried out in October and November 2022 using insect nets in four plots. A total of 21 species (16 families and four orders) were found in this study, with the order Hemiptera having the highest number of families and genus (7 families and 8 genera). The Shannon diversity index (H′) showed moderate criteria, with the highest found in plot 1 (H′=1,60), while the highest Evenness index values were found in plots 3 (0,77) and 4 (0,74). The highest similarity indexes were found in plots 2 and 3 (0,53), as a result of their shared vegetation patterns. The composition of insects consists of herbivores, predators, and pollinators, with the highest percentage being herbivores (68.5%), then predators (25%), and the lowest being pollinators (6.5%).


Keywords: Abundance, Central Sulawesi, corn, IPM, Tojo Una-Una


Download data is not yet available.


Abuzar M, Khairul U, Hamid H. 2021. Diversity of beneficial insect in corn plantation at West Sumatra. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia. 25(2): 114–120.

Aczel ML. 1955. Neriidae von Indonesien (Dipt. Acalyptratae). Treubia. 23: 19–40.

Afifah L, Sugiono D. 2020. Keanekaragaman serangga pada pertanaman padi lahan persawahan di Karawang, Jawa Barat dengan teknik pengelolaan hama yang berbeda. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia. 25(2): 299–306.

Anggraini E, Pardingotan R, Herlinda S, Irsan C, Harun MU. 2020. Diversity of predatory arthropods in soybean (Glycine Max L) refugia. Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology. 4(2): 101–117.

Arfan, If’all, Jumardin, Noer H, Sumarni. 2020. Populasi dan tingkat serangan Spodoptera frugiperda pada tanaman jagung di Desa Tulo Kabupaten Sigi. Jurnal Agrotech. 10(2): 66–68. https://

Ashari FN. 2021. Keanekaragaman serangga hama (Ordo: Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Hemiptera, Homoptera dan Orthoptera) di lahan pertanian jagung organik dengan penanaman refugia tanaman Zinnia spp. [Skripsi]. Surabaya (ID): UIN Sunan Ampel.

Astuti K, Prasetyo OR, Khasanah IN. 2020. Analisis Produktivitas Jagung dan Kedelai di Indonesia 2020 (Hasil Survei Ubinan). Jakarta (ID): BPS-RI Press.

BPS. 2017. Laporan statistik pertanian tanaman pangan, penggunaan lahan. Badan Pusat Statistik Tojo Una-Una [Internet]. [diunduh 25 Nov 2022]. Tersedia pada: statictable/2017/06/07/114/luas-panen-jagung-kedelai-kacang-tanah-kacang-hijau-ubi-kayu-ubi-jalar-menurut-kecamatan-di-kabupaten-tojo-una-una-2015.html

Clarkson J, Borah JR, Baudron F Sunderland TCH. 2022. Forest proximity positively affects natural enemy mediated control of fall armyworm in Southern Africa. Frontiers in Forests and Global Changes. 5: 781574. ffgc.2022.781574

Dawwrueng P, Tan MK, Artchawakom T, Waengsothorn S. 2017. Species checklist of Orthoptera (Insecta) from Sakaerat Environmental Research Station, Thailand (Southeast Asia). Zootaxa. 4306(3): 301–324. 10.11646/zootaxa.4306.3.1

Dounia, Brahim A, Douka C, Azang SPE, Ningatoloum C, Belinga RB, Ankemekom FG, Flavie F, Tamesse JL, Fohouo FT. 2018. Foraging activity of Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on corn panicles at Yaoundé, Cameroon. Canadian Journal of Agriculture and Crops. 3(2): 64–71.

EFSA Panel on Plant Health (PLH), Bragard C, Dehnen-Schmutz K, Di Serio F, Gonthier P, Jacques M-A, Jaques MJA, Fejer JA, Magnusson CS, Milonas P, Navas-Cortes JA, Parnell S, Potting R, Reignault PL, Thulke H-H, Van der Werf W, Civera AV, Yuen J, Zappala L, Czwienczek E, Kertesz V, Streissl F, MacLeod A, 2020. Scientific opinion on the pest categorization of Haplaxius crudus. EFSA Journal. 18(7):6224. https://

Engel MS, Kahono S, Peggie D. 2018. A key to the genera and subgenera of stingless bees in Indonesia (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Treubia. 45: 65–84.

Ervianna AR, Hadi M, Rahadian R. 2019. Kelimpahan dan keragaman serangga OPT (organisme pengganggu tanaman) dan musuh alaminya pada tanaman jagung dan padi dengan sistem rotasi tanaman. Bioma. 21(1): 35–46.

Ferracini C, Alma A. 2008. Arocatus melanocephalus a hemipteran pest on elm in the urban environment. Bulletin of Insectology. 61(1): 193–194.

Giacometti R, Jacobi V, Kronberg F, Panagos C, Edison AS, Zavala JA. 2020. Digestive activity and organic compounds of Nezara viridula watery saliva induce defensive soybean seed responses. Scientific Reports. 10: 15648. 10.1038/s41598-020-72540-3

Gulö SA, Bakti D, Zahara F. 2014. Keanekaragaman Jenis Serangga Pada Beberapa Varietas Jagung Hibrida dan Jagung Transgenik. Jurnal Online Agroteknologi. 4(2): 1347–1358.

Hajizadeh G, Jalilvand H, Kavosi MR, Varandi HB. 2016. Relationship between insect herbivory and environmental variables in forests of northern Iran. Nusantara Bioscience. 8(2): 155–160. https://

Hammer Ø, Harper DAT, Ryan PD. 2001. PAST: Palaentological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaentologia Electronica. 4(1): 1–9.

Hashimoto Y, Rahman H. 2003. Inventory & Collection Total Protocol for Understanding Biodiversity. Sabah (MYS): Reseach and Education Component BBEC Programme.

Hou Q-L, Chen E-H, Dou W, Wang J-J. 2020. Assessment of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) diets on adult fecundity and larval development: Insights into employing the sterile insect technique. Journal of Insect Science. 20(1): 1–8.

Kalsi M, Seal DR, Nuessly GS, Capinera JL, Martin CG. 2014. Distribution of Zelus longipes (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in South Florida corn fields and its functional response to corn-infesting picture-winged flies (Diptera: Ulidiidae). Environmental Entomology. 43(5): 1223–1234. 10.1603/EN13271

Karindah S, Yanuwiadi B, Sulistyowati L, Green PT. 2011. Abundance of Metioche vittalicollis (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) and natural enemies in a rice agroecosystem as influenced by weed species. Agrivita. 33(2): 133–141.

Kogan M. 1998. Integrated Pest Management: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Developments. Annual Review of Entomology. 43: 243–270. ento.43.1.243

Krebs CJ. 1989. Ecological Methodology. New York (US): Harper and Row Publishers Inc. 654 hal.

Litsinger JA, Barrion AT, Canapi BL, Libetario EM, Pantua PC, dela Cruz CG, Apostol RF, Lumaban MD, Bandong JP, Macatula RF. 2015. Leptocorisa rice seed bugs (Hemiptera: Alydidae) in Asia: a review. The Philippine Entomologist. 29(1): 1–103.

Maalik S, Rana SA, Khan HA, Ashfaq M. 2013. Diversity and abundance of Lepidopteran populations from selected crops of District Faisalabad, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 50(1): 95–101.

Maharani Y, Dewi VK, Puspasari LT, Rizkie L, Hidayat Y, Dono D. 2019. Cases of fall army worm Spodoptera frugiperda J. E. Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) attack on maize in Bandung, Garut and Sumedang District, West Java. Jurnal Cropsaver. 2(1): 38–46. v2i1.23013

Mahmood K. 2004. Identification of pest species in oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) Species Complex. Pakistan Journal of Zoologi. 36(3): 219–230.

Melhanah, Supriati L, Saraswati D. 2020. Struktur komunitas arthropoda nokturnal pada jagung manis dan kacang panjang organik dan konvensional di lahan gambut. Daun. 7(1): 11–22. https://

Muhtari F. 2020. Keanekaragaman arthropoda pada pertanaman jagung manis. e-J. Agrotekbis. 8(6): 1462–1469.

Naik RK. 2002. Observations on Proutista moesta (Westw.) (Homoptera: Derbidae), the vector of palm diseases in Kerala State, India. Planter. 78(920): 619–625.

Neiswander CS. 1931. The Sources of American Corn Insects. Ohio (US): Agricultural Experiment Station.

Nelly N, Syahrawati MY, Hamid H. 2017. Abundance of corn planthopper (Stenocranus pacificus) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) and the potential natural enemies in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas. 18(2): 696–700. d180236

Nemec KT, Bragg TB. 2007. Plant-feeding Hemiptera and Orthoptera communities in native and restored Mesic Tallgrass Prairies. Restoration Ecology. 16(2): 324–335.

Nurmaisah, Purwati N. 2021. Identifikasi jenis serangga hama pada tanaman jagung (Zea mays) di Kota Tarakan. Jurnal Proteksi Tanaman Tropis. 2(1): 19–22. .v2i3.1524

Odum EP. 1993. Dasar-dasar Ekologi (Edisi Ketiga). Yogyakarta (ID): Gadjah Mada University Press.

Ofori ESK, Yeboah S, Nunoo J, Quartey EK, Torgby-Tetteh W, Gasu EK, Ewusie EA. 2014. Preliminary studies of insect diversity and abundance on twelve accessions of tomato, Solanum lycopersicon L. grown in a coastal savannah agro ecological zone. Journal of Agricultural Science. 6(8): 72–82.

Panhwar WA, Sultana R, Wagan MS, Kumar S. 2013. On the distribution and taxonomy of Conocephalus species (Orthoptera: Tettigonioidea: Conocephalinae) from Pakistan. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences. 3(11): 171–176.

Paudel S, Kandel P, Bhatta D, Pandit V, Felton, G. W. and Rajotte, E. G. 2021. Insect herbivore populations and plant damage increase at higher elevations. Insects. 12: 1129. 10.3390/insects12121129

Peng Y, Gao J, Zhang X. 2022. Plant diversity is more important than climate factors in driving insect richness pattern along a latitudinal gradient. Ecologies. 3: 30–37. ecologies3010004

Pu’u YMSW, Mutiara C. 2021. Serangan hama invasif Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) pada tanaman jagung di Kabupaten Ende Flores, Indonesia. Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia. 18(2): 153–158. 10.5994/jei.18.2.153

Salini S, Viraktamath CA. 2015. Genera of Pentatomidae (Hemiptera: Pentatomoidea) from south India–an illustrated key to genera and checklist of species. Zootaxa. 3924:1–76.

Sari IGPDP, Suartini NM, Muksin IK. 2018. Inventarisasi jenis-jenis serangga ordo Orthoptera pada tanaman jagung di Desa Kesiman-Denpasar. Jurnal Simbiosis. 6(1): 30–34. 10.24843/JSIMBIOSIS.2018.v06.i01.p07

Savage J, Fortier A-M, Fournier F, Bellavance V. 2016. Identifcation of Delia pest species (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in cultivated crucifers and other vegetable crops in Canada. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identifcation. 29: 1–40.

Shakeel M, Ali H, Ahmad S, Said F, Khan AK, Bashir MA, Anjum SI, Islam W, Ghramh HA, Ansari MJ, Ali H. 2019. Insect pollinators diversity and abundance in Eruca sativa Mill. (Arugula) and Brassica rapa L. (Field mustard) crops. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 26: 1704–1709. 10.1016/j.sjbs.2018.08.012

Siregar AZ. 2021. Potential use of natural pesticide to control of Orseolia oryzae and Leptocorisa oratorius in saline paddy ecosystem in Percut Northern Sumatera. In: Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy. Phuket, Thailand, 18–21 Oct 2019.

Sulong Y, Zakaria AJ, Mohamed S, Sajili MH, Ngah N. 2019. Survey on pest and disease of Corn (Zea Mays Linn) grown at BRIS Soil Area. Journal of Agrobiotechnology. 10(1S): 75–87.

Supartha IW, Susila IW, Sunari AAS, Mahaputra IGF, Yudha IKW, Wiradana PA. 2021. Damage characteristics and distribution patterns of invasive pest, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on maize crop in Bali, Indonesia. Biodiversitas. 22(6): 3378–3389. https://

Suwa M, Blasco-Zumeta J. 2003. Some anthomyiid flies from Monegros, Spain (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). Insecta Matsumurana. 60: 43–54.

Tarihoran P, Siregar AZ, Marheni. 2020. Diversity index of insect species on sorghum plantations in Kolam Village, Percut Sei Tuan District, Deli Serdang. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research. 03(02): 89–104. injar.v3i2.3865

Triplehorn CA, Johnson N. 2005. Borror and DeLong’s Introduction to the Study of Insects. Florence(IT): Brooks/Cole Publishing.

Van Stalle J. 1989. New species, a key and distribution of the genus Proutista (Homoptera, Derbidae) in New Guinea. Indo-Malayan Zoology. 6: 101–118.

Way MJ. 1992. Role of ants in pest management. Annual Review of Entomology. 37: 479–503.

Weissbecker B, Van Loon JJA, Dicke M. 1999. Electroantennogram responses of a predator, Perillus bioculatus, and its prey, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, to plant volatiles. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 25: 2313–2325. https://

Wenninger EJ, Inouye RS. 2008. Insect community response to plant diversity and productivity in a Sagebrush-Steppe ecosystem. Journal of Arid Environments. 72: 24–33. 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2007.04.005

Zapico FL, Aguilar CH, Namocatcat J, Fortich A. 2014. Farmers' perceptions about banana insect pests and integrated pest management systems in banana plantations in SOCSARGEN [South Cotabato, Saranggani and General Santos City] area, Mindanao Philippines. Philippine Journal of Crop Science. 38(1): 70–71.

Zhang G, Hart ER, Weirauch C. 2016. A taxonomic monograph of the assassin bug genus Zelus Fabricius (Hemiptera: Reduviidae): 71 species based on 10,000 specimens. Biodiversity Data Journal 4: 1–356. BDJ.4.e8150

How to Cite
AmiruddinM., NuranisaN., JekiJ., AdamR. P., & DwiyantoD. (2023). Keanekaragaman dan Komposisi Serangga pada Tanaman Jagung di Tojo Una-Una, Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 28(3), 472-481.